May 6, 2016
The pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP) has convincingly won the Scottish Parliament elections yet has, in a surprise development, narrowly lost its overall majority. The party made strong gains in Central and Western Scotland, yet lost ground in the City of Edinburgh and rural areas.
While the Labour Party had long dominated the political landscape in Scotland, the party slumped to a historic third-place finish behind the Conservatives, winning 24 seats to the Tories’ 31 – whose ranks doubled from 15 seats and will form the new official Opposition. The Green Party, which also favours Scottish independence, also made gains; finishing with 6 parliamentary seats. While the SNP has lost its overall majority, the party is not expected to seek a coalition with other parties; instead forming a minority government.
The Scottish Parliament is responsible for devolved matters including education, health, agriculture, justice and prisons. Scotland will receive new powers to raise and lower income tax by April 2017.
The Labour Party has lost its overall majority in the National Assembly, winning 29 of 60 seats – just short of outright victory.
After a campaign that saw a surge in support for the UK Independence Party, who now hold 7 seats and will be represented in Cardiff Bay for the first time, Labour will be forced to either form a minority administration or explore the possibility of a coalition deal with the left-ecologist Plaid Cymru (Party of Wales).
Across Wales, only one constituency seat changed hands, with Plaid Cymru leader Leanne Wood ousting the high-profile Labour Minister Leighton Andrews in the former Labour strong-hold of Rhondda.
The Conservatives suffered losses on a regional list basis; ceding considerable ground to the UK Independence Party.
The National Assembly for Wales has a wide range of powers over areas including economic development, transport, finance, local government, health and housing policy.;
* A number of MSPs were defeated in their constituencies but returned as regional list MSPs. As such, their names do not appear above.
SNP gains from Labour / incoming MSP
* Previously served as a regional list MSP during the 2011-16 Parliament.
Conservative gains from SNP/ incoming MSP
Conservative gains from Labour / incoming MSP
Labour gains from SNP / incoming MSP
Liberal Democrat gains from SNP / incoming MSP
* Previously served as a regional list MSP during the 2011-16 Parliament
* A number of AMs were defeated in their constituencies but returned as regional list MSPs. As such, their names do not appear above.
Plaid Cymru gains from Labour / incoming AM
UK Independence Party